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In 1632, the Charter of Maryland was granted by King Charles I of England to Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore. It was the largest domain ever granted to an individual in the New World, containing 10 to 12 million acres of land and water. Above, Gov. Herbert R. O’Conor speaks in front of the Cecil Calvert statue built in 1908 facing St. Paul Street. (Leroy B. Merriken, Baltimore Sun photo)

1782: Congress approved the Great Seal of the United States.

1898: During the Spanish-American War, the U.S. cruiser Charleston captured the Spanish-ruled island of Guam.

1942: Beach Boys founder and songwriter Brian Wilson was born in Southern California.

1975: The Steven Spielberg shark thriller “Jaws” was first released.

Compiled by Laura Lefavor and Paul McCardell.