In 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt, Cabinet members, congressmen and officials from the French and American navies hosted a state funeral for John Paul Jones at the U.S. Naval Academy. Jones is considered a Revolutionary War hero and the father of the American Navy. Above, President Roosevelt delivers the keynote address at the ceremony. (Baltimore Sun file photo, 1906)

1800: The Library of Congress was established with a fund of $5,000 and Thomas Jefferson’s entire private library.

1898: Spain declared war on the U.S. after rejecting America’s ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba.

1944: The United Negro College Fund was incorporated.

1962: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology accomplished the first satellite relay of a television signal.

Compiled by Laura Lefavor and Paul McCardell.