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Profile Retro Baltimore is a blog for The Baltimore Sun that steps back in time in Baltimore and beyond.

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30 years ago: Robert Gallo discovers the cause of AIDS

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Robert C. Gallo was named the first Homer & Martha Gudelsky Distinguished Professor in Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, in Baltimore, during a Nov. 7, 2013, ceremony.

It’s been 30 years since federal health officials announced that a team led by Dr. Robert C. Gallo, now a University of Maryland researcher, had likely discovered the cause of AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which had been first identified just a couple of years before and was fast becoming a vast global epidemic.

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This Day in History: April 23

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In 1696, the Maryland General Assembly formed Prince George’s County from land in Calvert and Charles counties. The area was named for Prince George of Denmark, pictured above. (Baltimore Sun file photo)

1789: President-elect George Washington and his wife moved into the first executive mansion, the Franklin House, in New York.

1896: The Vitascope system for projecting movies onto a screen was demonstrated in New York.

1985: The Coca-Cola Co. announced it was changing the secret flavor formula for Coke. (Negative public reaction forced the company to resume selling the original version).

1988: A federal ban on smoking during domestic airline flights of two hours or less went into effect.

Compiled by Laura Lefavor and Paul McCardell.

Now-and-then pictures: Grand National Steeplechase

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THEN: Be Happy, ridden by Benjamin H. Griswold, left, and Tres Bon, ridden by Henry Thomas in the 1937 Maryland Grand National Steeplechase point-to-point race. Known for its timber racing, the Grand National began in 1898. The Grand National is a 3-mile race, which is shorter than the Hunt Cup. (Baltimore Sun file photo, 1937)

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NOW: James Slater rides Alfa Beat (10) ahead of Garryowen Star, ridden by Martin Rohan at the final jump of the 111th Grand National Steeplechase. The undisputed champion of the Grand National is Mountain Dew, having won the race six times. (Karl Merton Ferron, Baltimore Sun photo, 2013)

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Jay Trump jumped into fame at 1963 Md. Hunt Cup

The 1963 Maryland Hunt Cup helped bring a horse named Jay Trump into international prominence. On that April 27 afternoon, as some 15,000 spectators filled the Worthington Valley, Crompton “Tommy” Smith Jr. broke a course speed record. His mount, Jay Trump, would go on to win the same race in 1964 and again in 1966. In 1965, he won England’s Grand National.

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